A single ended amplifier is much like a balanced amplifier in the way that it employs common-mode and differential-mode feedback and has a non-inverting input and an inverting input. However, where a balanced amplifier is designed to cancel its own common-mode noise signals, the single ended amp attempts to extract their energy by converting them to load power.
what is single ended amplifier?
A single ended audio amplifier is a simple circuit composed of a gain stage and a load. When a signal is applied to this circuit, it produces a signal which is much stronger. The gain element is a simple transistor stage, much like a common emitter stage in a common emitter amplifier. In order to make the gain much higher, the transistor is biased in the active region. The load is usually a resistor, although various other types of loads can be used to alter the gain and frequency response characteristics of the amplifier.
Single-ended amplifiers, also known as SE amplifiers, use a single output device (triode) and a single input device (pentode) and output transformer. They generally have a lower output power than their push-pull counterparts and cannot be balanced to suppress hum. However, they can deliver current over a wider frequency range, and they deliver the same current on the positive and negative parts of the waveform (push-pull amplifiers, such as the two-output tube-based guitar amplifier pictured below, balance the current on opposite halves of the waveform to cancel hum.
A single-ended amplifier is an amplifier circuit configuration where there is only one active device (commonly a vacuum tube or transistor) in the signal path, and all other circuit elements serve to provide power to this device. The output is taken directly from the active device, hence the name ‘single-ended’. The single-ended amplifier is the simplest of all amplifier circuit configurations.
What is the difference between single-ended and push pull amplifier?
Single-ended amplifiers are those which use a single-ended input and a single-ended output. The name for this comes from the fact that the single-ended input is on one end, and the single-ended output is on the other end. A good example of a single-ended amplifier is a single-ended tube amplifier. The signal goes in, through a tube, and then right back out without being split or transformed. In a push-pull amplifier, the input and the output are never the same things. This is an amplifier design that uses two output devices.
In most cases, they are tubes, but they may be transistors as well, as there are solid-state push-pull amplifiers available. It is a little bit of a different way of amplifying the signal. The reason for this is that there is an even number of stages within the circuit, so there is a little bit of cancellation going on. This helps to shape the waveform so that it is a little bit more balanced, and that can help to reduce distortion. It also tends to be a little bit more efficient.
In push-pull amplifier, two output stages are used. The first stage amplifies the input signal and then this amplified signal is used to drive the second stage. This second stage is a complementary amplifier. It amplifies the same signal in opposite direction. So the result of the two amplifiers is added together. This adds a good deal of power to the original signal. The drawback of this approach is that it requires two active devices. Also, the two devices have to be matched perfectly. In single ended amplifier, one amplifier is used.
The signal from the source is amplified by it and the output of this amplifier is connected to the loudspeaker. So the amplification of the signal and the power handling of the loudspeaker are directly dependent on the output device and they do not depend on each other. The single ended designs are fairly easy to build and do not use multiple active devices. The drawback of this approach is that this amplifier can not deliver as much power as a push-pull amplifier.